Standard ECE 22/05

In France, according to article R431-1 of the Highway Code, the use of a helmet is compulsory for any driver or passenger of a motorised two-wheel vehicle. Helmets must also be sold with four reflective stickers which must be affixed to the front, back and sides of the helmet.

All helmets marketed in Europe must be approved and meet the ECE E22.05 standard issued by the European Economic Commission. Helmet approval is performed by public or private laboratories.


A helmet is approved according to its type, but also to its resistance to several tests. Approval of a helmet requires a large number of tests to be performed on each component, including the helmet itself and the visor.

<div class="row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="col-md-2 col-md-offset-1"><span style="color: #ffffff;"><br/>Crushing<br/></span><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/critere-ecrasement.png" alt="Crushing"/></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="col-md-2"><span style="color: #ffffff;"><br/>Abrasion<br/></span><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/critere-abrasion.png" alt="abrasion"/></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="col-md-2"><span style="color: #ffffff;"><br/> Impact<br/></span><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/critere-impact.png" alt="impact"/></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div>

The helmet is tested on the following criteria:

Shock absorption

Angle of view

Resistance to abrasion

Distortion upon impact

Quality of the visor screen

Restraint system

The visor is also tested on a number of criteria:

Field of vision

Optical features: light transmission and diffusion, spectral transmission,  refractivity

Mechanical features

Angle of visor opening


The CE label must be affixed to the chin strap

1 : The test location : The number following the E indicates the origin of the country of approval.
(1 for Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8  Czechoslovakia, 9 for Spain, 10 for Yugoslavia, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 16 for Norway, 17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark).

2 : The test standard number beginning 04 (standard 22-04) or 05 (standard 22-05), the approval number.

3 : A letter indicates that additional tests have been taken into account with regard to standard 22-04. (Appearing with regulation 22-05)
PJ (protective jet: dual approval)
J (jet)
P (protective)

4 :Production serial number.